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Macular Degeneration

What is Macular Degeneration? 

 
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a medical condition which usually affects older adults usually over the age of 50. Macular Degeneration results in the loss of vision in the centre of the visual field (the macula) because of damage to the retina. The photo below is an example of what it is like to be affected by Macular Degeneration. 
 
Vision with Macular Degeneration
 
Macular degeneration can make it difficult or impossible to read or recognise faces, although enough peripheral vision remains to allow other activities of daily life. 
 
There are two types of Macular Degeneration - Wet and Dry. 
 

Wet Macular Degeneration:

 
Wet macular degeneration otherwise known as Neovascular/Exudative AMD causes vision loss due to abnormal blood vessel growth in the choriocapillaris, through Bruch's membrane, ultimately leading to blood and protein leakage below the macula. Bleeding, leaking, and scarring from these blood vessels eventually cause irreversible damage to the photoreceptors and rapid vision loss if left untreated. Only about 10% of patients suffering from macular degeneration have the wet type. 
 

Dry Macular Degeneration: 

 
Central geographic atrophy, the "dry" form of advanced AMD, it results from atrophy or wasting away of the retinal pigment epithelial layer below the retina, which causes vision loss through loss of photoreceptors (rods and cones) in the central part of the eye. No medical or surgical treatment is available for this condition; however, vitamin supplements with high doses of antioxidants, lutein and zeaxanthin, have been suggested by the National Eye Institute and others to slow the progression of dry macular degeneration and, in some patients, improved vision. 
 
The Macular Society
 
This is a charity that helps support those who are affected by Macular Degeneration. If you would like to find out about groups in your local area or just find out about what the charity does then please visit their website: www.macularsociety.org
 
If you are affected by macular degeneration or you know someone who is affected by this condition then please view our list of products below. This list is based on recommendations from our customers. 

 

Last Updated: November 04, 2013

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